The pediatric dentist is the dentist who is specialized when it comes to prevention and solution of oral problems of children, from birth to adolescence, including those children with special needs. The first contact the child should have with the dentist is at the end of the year, not at three years as recommended before. This early visit is justified to possibly prevent alterations that arise in the temporary dentition like the supernumerary teeth, absence of teeth or maxillofacial problems, etc. Dental hygiene should begin before the eruption of the teeth, when they are still babies, there are brushes to massage the gums and acquire the routine.
Common problems during the childhood stage
Pediatric dentistry is a specialty that addresses a wide variety of possible problems related to temporary dentition, milk, and permanent dentition. Possible alterations include the correct placement of the final teeth, pathologies due to change of dentition, trauma, congenital problems, etc. Caries: It is the most common chronic childhood dental disease in children. The greater consumption of processed products rich in sugars or the late withdrawal of bottles or pacifiers favors the increase of caries in increasingly smaller children, even under 3 years. Therefore it is very important to educate the child in proper dental hygiene from very early ages. The treatment is usually the sealing of pits and fissures. Injuries: the probability that children suffer breakages or fractures in the teeth due to blows or falls is high. At this stage in which they are acquiring psychomotor skills, accidents are more frequent. The pediatric dentist will restore the piece or reimplant them, always trying to keep the original tooth (s).
Malocclusion and bite problems: the appearance of the definitive denture may not be performed correctly: the teeth are separated (diastema), crooked or have no space to occlude. Similarly, the jaw may have a bad position due to different problems such as late withdrawal of the pacifier (this must be removed between 18-24 months to avoid major problems). In these cases, the pediatric dentist must identify the injuries and refer the patient to the orthodontist, a specialist in treating problems of dental structures. Ankylosis of the temporary piece: this anomaly occurs when for some reason the temporary piece does not occlude, staying inside the gum and causing a problem for the definitive piece. The solution to this problem is usually the extraction of the piece.
Congenital disorders: the timely detection of congenital diseases prevents the appearance of major problems. These conditions can cause the appearance of fewer or more teeth or sizes larger or smaller than due, both in temporary dentition (anodontics) and definitive dentition (ablastodoncia). To avoid a periodical illness it is very important to go to the pediatric dentist on a regular basis. The dentist will not only solve the oral problems of children but will establish guidelines for the prevention of possible complications with measures of dental hygiene and acquisition of healthy habits.